Use automation procedures in preference to non-automation procedures when workload, communications, and equipment
Use automation procedures that provide closed loop clearances in preference to open loop clearances to promote
operational advantage for time-based management (TBM) when workload permits. (e.g., a QU route pick that
anticipates length of vector and includes the next fix that ties into the route of flight.)
Use radar separation in preference to nonradar separation when it will be to an operational advantage and
workload, communications, and equipment permit.
Use nonradar separation in preference to radar separation when the situation dictates that an operational
advantage will be gained.
NOTE: One situation may be where vertical separation would preclude excessive vectoring.