State the name or phonetic alphabet equivalent (location identifier) of a NAVAID when using it in a routing.
“V6 Victor Whiskey Victor (Waterville) V45 Jackson”
When utilized as the clearance limit, state the name of the NAVAID followed by the type of NAVAID if the type is known.
CLEARED TO (NAVAID name and type)
“Cleared to Grand Rapids VOR”
Describe radials, arcs, courses, bearings, and quadrants of NAVAIDs as follows:
VOR/VORTAC/TACAN/GPS Waypoint. State the name of the NAVAID or GPS Waypoint followed by the separate digits of the radial/azimuth/ bearing (omitting the word “degrees”) and the word “radial/azimuth/bearing.”
“Appleton Zero Five Zero Radial.”
Arcs about VOR-DME/VORTAC/TACAN NAVAIDs. State the distance in miles from the NAVAID followed by the words “mile arc,” the direction from the NAVAID in terms of the eight principal points of the compass, the word “of,” and the name of the NAVAID.
“Two Zero mile arc southwest of Kirksville VOR”
Quadrant within a radius of NAVAID. State direction from NAVAID in terms of the quadrant; e.g., NE, SE, SW, NW, followed by the distance in miles from the NAVAID.
“Cleared to fly northeast quadrant of Phillipsburg VORTAC within Four Zero mile radius.”
Nondirectional beacons. State the course to or the bearing from the radio beacon, omitting the word “degree,” followed by the words “course to” or “bearing from,” the name of the radio beacon, and the words “radio beacon.”
“Three Four Zero bearing from Randolph Radio Beacon.”
MLS. State the azimuth to or azimuth from the MLS, omitting the word “degree” followed by the words “azimuth to” or “azimuth from,” the name of the MLS, and the term MLS.
“Two Six Zero azimuth to Linburgh Runway Two Seven MLS.”
Navigation Reference System (NRS) Waypoint. State the single letter corresponding to the ICAO Flight Information Region (FIR) identifier, followed by the letter corresponding to the FIR subset (ARTCC area for the conterminous U.S.), the latitude increment in single digit or group form, and the longitude increment.