Provide current landing information, as appropriate, to arriving aircraft. Landing information contained in the ATIS broadcast may be omitted if the pilot states the appropriate ATIS code. Runway, wind, and altimeter may be omitted if a pilot uses the phrase “have numbers.” Issue landing information by including the following:
NOTE: Pilot use of “have numbers” does not indicate receipt of the ATIS broadcast.
NOTE: Additional information should normally be issued with instructions to continue. Example: “continue, report one mile final”; “continue, expect landing clearance two mile final”; etc.
NOTE: At some locations, VFR checkpoints are depicted on sectional aeronautical and terminal area charts. In selecting geographical fixes, depicted VFR checkpoints are preferred unless the pilot exhibits a familiarity with the local area.
WAKE TURBULENCE APPLICATION
Issue traffic information to each aircraft operating on intersecting runways.
NOTE: When visual separation is being applied by the tower, appropriate control instructions and traffic advisories must be issued to ensure go around or missed approaches avert any conflict with the flight path of traffic on the other runway.
NOTE: Application of these procedures does not relieve controllers from the responsibility of providing other appropriate separation contained in this order.
NOTE: Pilots who prefer to use the full length of the runway or a runway different from that specified are expected to advise ATC prior to landing.
(When pilot of restricted aircraft responds with only acknowledgment):
“Runway one four left cleared to land, traffic, (type aircraft) landing runway one eight will hold short of the intersection.”
“Read back hold short instructions.”
“Traffic, (type aircraft) landing runway three six will hold short of the intersection, runway three three cleared for takeoff.”
WAKE TURBULENCE APPLICATION
NOTE: The purpose of the “change to runway” phraseology and restating the runway number is to emphasize to the pilot that they are being cleared to land on a runway other than what they were expecting.
NOTE: A clearance to land means that appropriate separation on the landing runway will be ensured. A landing clearance does not relieve the pilot from compliance with any previously issued restriction.
NOTE: Landing sequence number is optional at tower facilities where the arrival sequence to the runway is established by the approach control.
When an arriving aircraft reports at a position where he/she should be seen but has not been visually observed, advise the aircraft as a part of the landing clearance that it is not in sight and restate the landing runway.
NOTE: Aircraft observance on the CTRD satisfies the visually observed requirement.
Do not withhold a landing clearance indefinitely even though it appears a violation of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations has been committed. The apparent violation might be the result of an emergency situation. In any event, assist the pilot to the extent possible.
NOTE: Runway exiting or taxi instructions should not normally be issued to an aircraft prior to, or immediately after, touchdown.
NOTE: Read back hold instructions phraseology may be initiated for any point on a movement area when the controller believes the read back is necessary.
A low approach with an altitude restriction of not less than 500 feet above the airport may be authorized except over an aircraft in takeoff position or a departure aircraft. Do not clear aircraft for restricted altitude low approaches over personnel unless airport authorities have advised these personnel that the approaches will be conducted. Advise the approaching aircraft of the location of applicable ground traffic, personnel, or equipment.
Approve/disapprove pilot requests to remain in closed traffic for successive operations subject to local traffic conditions.
NOTE: Segregated traffic patterns for helicopters to runways and other areas may be established by letter of agreement or other local operating procedures.
Issue the following to arriving aircraft that will conduct an overhead maneuver:
NOTE: Aircraft operating to an airport without a functioning control tower must initiate cancellation of the IFR flight plan prior to executing the overhead maneuver or after landing.