Chapter 11. Traffic Management Procedures

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   Appendices
         1−1−14. DISTRIBUTION
         1−1−2. AUDIENCE
         1−1−7. DELIVERY DATES
         1−2−1. WORD MEANINGS
         1−2−2. COURSE DEFINITIONS
         1−2−3. NOTES
         1−2−4. REFERENCES
         1−2−5. ANNOTATIONS
         1−2−6. ABBREVIATIONS
      Section 1. General
         10-1-2. OBTAINING INFORMATION
         10-1-3. PROVIDING ASSISTANCE
         10-1-4. RESPONSIBILITY
         10-1-5. COORDINATION
         10-2-11. AIRCRAFT BOMB THREATS
         10-2-13. MANPADS ALERT
         10-2-18. VOLCANIC ASH
         10-2-2. FREQUENCY CHANGES
         10-2-3. AIRCRAFT ORIENTATION
         10-2-5. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
         10-2-6. HIJACKED AIRCRAFT
         10-3-4. ALNOT
         10-3-7. ALNOT CANCELLATION
         10-4-1. TRAFFIC RESTRICTIONS
         10-4-2. LIGHTING REQUIREMENTS
         10-4-3. TRAFFIC RESUMPTION
         10-4-4. COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE
         10-5-1. EXPLOSIVE CARGO
         10-6-1. APPLICATION
         10-6-2. PHASES OF EMERGENCY
         10-6-4. INFLIGHT CONTINGENCIES
         10-7-1. INFORMATION RELAY
         10-7-2. IFR AND SVFR MINIMA
         10-7-3. VFR MINIMA
         10-7-4. SMOKE COLUMN AVOIDANCE
         10-7-5. EXTENDED NOTIFICATION
      Section 1. General
         11-1-1. DUTY RESPONSIBILITY
         12-1-1. APPLICATION
         12-1-3. ONE THOUSAND-ON-TOP
         12-1-4. SEPARATION
         12-1-6. PARACHUTE JUMPING
         12-1-7. SPECIAL VFR (SVFR)
         13-1-1. DESCRIPTION
         13-1-11. DELAY REPORTING
         13-1-12. OVERDUE AIRCRAFT
         13-1-14. FORECAST WINDS
         13-1-3. TRIAL PLANNING
         13-1-7. HOLDING
         13-2-1. DESCRIPTION
         13-2-3. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
         13-2-5. COORDINATION
      Section 1. General
         2-1-1. ATC SERVICE
         2-1-10. NAVAID MALFUNCTIONS
         2-1-11. USE OF MARSA
         2-1-12. MILITARY PROCEDURES
         2-1-13. FORMATION FLIGHTS
         2-1-15. CONTROL TRANSFER
         2-1-16. SURFACE AREAS
         2-1-17. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS
         2-1-18. OPERATIONAL REQUESTS
         2-1-19. WAKE TURBULENCE
         2-1-2. DUTY PRIORITY
         2-1-21. TRAFFIC ADVISORIES
         2-1-25. WHEELS DOWN CHECK
         2-1-29. RVSM OPERATIONS
         2-1-3. PROCEDURAL PREFERENCE
         2-1-4. OPERATIONAL PRIORITY
         2-1-5. EXPEDITIOUS COMPLIANCE
         2-1-6. SAFETY ALERT
         2-1-8. MINIMUM FUEL
         2-2-1. RECORDING INFORMATION
         2-2-2. FORWARDING INFORMATION
         2-2-3. FORWARDING VFR DATA
         2-2-8. ALTRV INFORMATION
         2-3-1. GENERAL
         2-3-10. CONTROL SYMBOLOGY
         2-3-2. EN ROUTE DATA ENTRIES
         2-3-3. OCEANIC DATA ENTRIES
         2-3-4. TERMINAL DATA ENTRIES
         2-3-5. AIRCRAFT IDENTITY
         2-3-6. AIRCRAFT TYPE
         2-3-9. CLEARANCE STATUS
         2-4-1. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS
         2-4-11. PRIORITY INTERRUPTION
         2-4-14. WORDS AND PHRASES
         2-4-15. EMPHASIS FOR CLARITY
         2-4-16. ICAO PHONETICS
         2-4-17. NUMBERS USAGE
         2-4-18. NUMBER CLARIFICATION
         2-4-2. MONITORING
         2-4-22. AIRSPACE CLASSES
         2-4-7. AUTHORIZED RELAYS
         2-4-8. RADIO MESSAGE FORMAT
         2-5-2. NAVAID TERMS
         2-5-3. NAVAID FIXES
         2-6-1. FAMILIARIZATION
         2-7-1. CURRENT SETTINGS
         2-8-1. FURNISH RVR/RVV VALUES
         2-8-3. TERMINOLOGY
         2-9-1. APPLICATION
         2-9-2. OPERATING PROCEDURES
         2-9-3. CONTENT
      Section 1. General
         3-1-1. PROVIDE SERVICE
         3-1-10. OBSERVED ABNORMALITIES
         3-1-2. PREVENTIVE CONTROL
         3-1-3. USE OF ACTIVE RUNWAYS
         3-1-6. TRAFFIC INFORMATION
         3-1-7. POSITION DETERMINATION
         3-10-1. LANDING INFORMATION
         3-10-11. CLOSED TRAFFIC
         3-10-12. OVERHEAD MANEUVER
         3-10-3. SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION
         3-10-5. LANDING CLEARANCE
         3-10-9. RUNWAY EXITING
         3-12-1. APPLICATION
         3-12-2. DEPARTURE SEPARATION
         3-12-3. ARRIVAL SEPARATION
         3-2-1. LIGHT SIGNALS
         3-2-2. WARNING SIGNAL
         3-3-1. LANDING AREA CONDITION
         3-3-3. TIMELY INFORMATION
         3-3-4. BRAKING ACTION
         3-4-1. EMERGENCY LIGHTING
         3-4-10. RUNWAY EDGE LIGHTS
         3-4-16. TAXIWAY LIGHTS
         3-4-17. OBSTRUCTION LIGHTS
         3-4-18. ROTATING BEACON
         3-4-5. APPROACH LIGHTS
         3-4-6. ALS INTENSITY SETTINGS
         3-4-8. MALSR/ODALS
         3-4-9. ALSF-2/SSALR
         3-5-1. SELECTION
         3-5-2. STOL RUNWAYS
         3-5-3. TAILWIND COMPONENTS
         3-6-1. EQUIPMENT USAGE
         3-6-2. IDENTIFICATION
         3-6-3. INFORMATION USAGE
         3-6-5. RADAR-ONLY MODE
         3-7-1. GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT
         3-7-3. GROUND OPERATIONS
         3-7-4. RUNWAY PROXIMITY
         3-9-1. DEPARTURE INFORMATION
         3-9-10. TAKEOFF CLEARANCE
         3-9-4. LINE UP AND WAIT (LUAW)
         3-9-5. ANTICIPATING SEPARATION
         3-9-6. SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION
         4-1-2. EXCEPTIONS
         4-1-3. CROSSING ALTITUDE
         4-1-4. VFR-ON-TOP
         4-1-5. FIX USE
      Section 2. Clearances
         4-2-1. CLEARANCE ITEMS
         4-2-2. CLEARANCE PREFIX
         4-2-3. DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS
         4-2-4. CLEARANCE RELAY
         4-2-6. THROUGH CLEARANCES
         4-2-7. ALTRV CLEARANCE
         4-2-9. CLEARANCE ITEMS
         4-3-1. DEPARTURE TERMINOLOGY
         4-3-2. DEPARTURE CLEARANCES
         4-3-5. GROUND STOP
         4-3-6. DELAY SEQUENCING
         4-4-1. ROUTE USE
         4-4-4. ALTERNATIVE ROUTES
         4-4-5. CLASS G AIRSPACE
         4-4-6. DIRECT CLEARANCES
         4-5-2. FLIGHT DIRECTION
         4-5-3. EXCEPTIONS
         4-5-7. ALTITUDE INFORMATION
         4-6-2. CLEARANCE BEYOND FIX
         4-6-3. DELAYS
         4-6-4. HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS
         4-6-5. VISUAL HOLDING POINTS
         4-6-7. UNMONITORED NAVAIDs
         4-7-1. CLEARANCE INFORMATION
         4-7-10. APPROACH INFORMATION
         4-7-12. AIRPORT CONDITIONS
         4-7-13. SWITCHING ILS RUNWAYS
         4-7-6. ARRIVAL INFORMATION
         4-7-7. WEATHER INFORMATION
         4-8-1. APPROACH CLEARANCE
         4-8-10. APPROACH INFORMATION
         4-8-11. PRACTICE APPROACHES
         4-8-2. CLEARANCE LIMIT
         4-8-5. SPECIFYING ALTITUDE
         4-8-6. CIRCLING APPROACH
         4-8-7. SIDE-STEP MANEUVER
         4-8-8. COMMUNICATIONS RELEASE
         4-8-9. MISSED APPROACH
      Section 1. General
         5-1-10. DEVIATION ADVISORIES
         5-1-11. RADAR FIX POSTING
         5-1-12. POSITION REPORTING
         5-1-4. BEACON RANGE ACCURACY
         5-1-6. SERVICE LIMITATIONS
         5-1-7. ELECTRONIC CURSOR
         5-10-1. APPLICATION
         5-10-11. MISSED APPROACH
         5-10-13. TOWER CLEARANCE
         5-10-2. APPROACH INFORMATION
         5-10-3. NO-GYRO APPROACH
         5-10-4. LOST COMMUNICATIONS
         5-10-5. RADAR CONTACT LOST
         5-10-6. LANDING CHECK
         5-10-7. POSITION INFORMATION
         5-10-9. COMMUNICATIONS CHECK
         5-11-1. ALTITUDE INFORMATION
         5-11-3. DESCENT NOTIFICATION
         5-11-4. DESCENT INSTRUCTIONS
         5-12-10. ELEVATION FAILURE
         5-12-11. SURVEILLANCE UNUSABLE
         5-12-3. DESCENT INSTRUCTION
         5-12-6. DECISION HEIGHT
         5-12-7. POSITION ADVISORIES
         5-12-9. COMMUNICATION TRANSFER
         5-13-2. MONITOR AVAILABILITY
         5-13-3. MONITOR INFORMATION
         5-14-6. SECTOR ELIGIBILITY
         5-14-7. COAST TRACKS
         5-15-1. APPLICATION
         5-15-2. RESPONSIBILITY
         5-15-3. FUNCTIONAL USE
         5-15-4. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
         5-15-5. INFORMATION DISPLAYED
         5-15-6. CA/MCI
         5-15-8. TRACK SUSPEND FUNCTION
         5-2-1. ASSIGNMENT CRITERIA
         5-2-10. VFR CODE ASSIGNMENTS
         5-2-14. CODE MONITOR
         5-2-2. DISCRETE ENVIRONMENT
         5-2-23. BEACON TERMINATION
         5-2-24. ALTITUDE FILTERS
         5-2-26. ADS-B ALERTS
         5-2-3. NONDISCRETE ENVIRONMENT
         5-2-4. MIXED ENVIRONMENT
         5-2-8. RADIO FAILURE
         5-3-1. APPLICATION
         5-3-6. POSITION INFORMATION
         5-3-7. IDENTIFICATION STATUS
         5-3-8. TARGET MARKERS
         5-3-9. TARGET MARKERS
         5-4-1. APPLICATION
         5-4-2. TERMS
         5-4-3. METHODS
         5-4-4. TRAFFIC
         5-4-7. POINT OUT
         5-5-1. APPLICATION
         5-5-10. ADJACENT AIRSPACE
         5-5-11. EDGE OF SCOPE
         5-5-2. TARGET SEPARATION
         5-5-3. TARGET RESOLUTION
         5-5-4. MINIMA
         5-5-5. VERTICAL APPLICATION
         5-5-6. EXCEPTIONS
         5-5-7. PASSING OR DIVERGING
      Section 6. Vectoring
         5-6-1. APPLICATION
         5-6-2. METHODS
         5-7-1. APPLICATION
         5-7-2. METHODS
         5-7-3. SPEED ASSIGNMENTS
         5-7-4. TERMINATION
         5-8-1. PROCEDURES
         5-8-2. INITIAL HEADING
         5-8-4. DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL
         5-9-11. TRANSITIONAL PROCEDURE
         5-9-4. ARRIVAL INSTRUCTIONS
      Section 1. General
         6-1-1. DISTANCE
         6-1-5. ARRIVAL MINIMA
         6-2-2. MINIMA ON SAME COURSE
         6-3-1. SEPARATION MINIMA
         6-4-1. APPLICATION
         6-4-4. SEPARATION BY PILOTS
         6-5-1. SEPARATION METHODS
         6-5-1. SEPARATION METHODS
         6-5-3. DME ARC MINIMA
         6-6-1. APPLICATION
         6-6-2. EXCEPTIONS
         6-6-3. SEPARATION BY PILOTS
         6-7-1. APPLICATION
         6-7-2. APPROACH SEQUENCE
         6-7-3. SEQUENCE INTERRUPTION
         6-7-5. INTERVAL MINIMA
         6-7-6. TIME CHECK
         6-7-7. MISSED APPROACHES
      Section 1. General
         7-1-2. VFR CONDITIONS
         7-2-1. VISUAL SEPARATION
      Section 3. VFR-On-Top
         7-3-1. VFR-ON-TOP
      Section 4. Approaches
         7-4-1. VISUAL APPROACH
         7-4-6. CONTACT APPROACH
         7-5-1. AUTHORIZATION
         7-5-2. PRIORITY
         7-5-3. SEPARATION
         7-5-4. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT
         7-5-5. LOCAL OPERATIONS
         7-5-6. CLIMB TO VFR
         7-6-1. APPLICATION
         7-6-11. TERMINATION OF SERVICE
         7-6-2. SERVICE AVAILABILITY
         7-6-3. INITIAL CONTACT
         7-6-4. IDENTIFICATION
         7-6-5. HOLDING
         7-6-6. APPROACH SEQUENCE
         7-6-7. SEQUENCING
         7-6-8. CONTROL TRANSFER
         7-6-9. ABANDONED APPROACH
         7-7-1. APPLICATION
         7-7-2. ISSUANCE OF EFC
         7-7-3. SEPARATION
         7-7-4. HELICOPTER TRAFFIC
         7-7-5. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS
         7-7-6. APPROACH INTERVAL
         7-8-1. APPLICATION
         7-8-2. CLASS C SERVICES
         7-8-3. SEPARATION
         7-8-5. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS
         7-8-6. EXCEPTIONS
         7-8-8. TERMINATION OF SERVICE
         7-9-1. APPLICATION
         7-9-3. METHODS
         7-9-4. SEPARATION
         7-9-5. TRAFFIC ADVISORIES
         7-9-6. HELICOPTER TRAFFIC
         7-9-7. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS
         7-9-8. APPROACH INTERVAL
      Section 1. General
         8-1-1. ATC SERVICE
         8-1-3. VFR FLIGHT PLANS
         8-1-4. TYPES OF SEPARATION
         8-1-5. ALTIMETER SETTING
         8-1-9. RVSM OPERATIONS
         8-10-1. APPLICATION
         8-10-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION
         8-10-4. LATERAL SEPARATION
         8-2-1. GENERAL
         8-3-1. APPLICATION
         8-3-2. SEPARATION METHODS
         8-3-3. MACH NUMBER TECHNIQUE
         8-4-1. APPLICATION
         8-4-2. SEPARATION METHODS
         8-4-4. TRACK SEPARATION
         8-5-2. COURSE DIVERGENCE
         8-5-3. OPPOSITE DIRECTION
         8-5-4. SAME DIRECTION
         8-7-1. APPLICATION
         8-7-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION
         8-7-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION
         8-7-4. LATERAL SEPARATION
         8-8-1. APPLICATION
         8-8-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION
         8-8-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION
         8-8-4. LATERAL SEPARATION
         8-8-5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT
         8-9-1. APPLICATION
         8-9-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION
         8-9-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION
         8-9-4. LATERAL SEPARATION
      9-8-1. GENERAL
      Section 1. General
         9-1-1. GENERAL
         9-1-2. SPECIAL HANDLING
         9-1-3. FLIGHT CHECK AIRCRAFT
         9-2-18. SAMP
         9-2-6. FLYNET
         9-2-8. INTERCEPTOR OPERATIONS
         9-2-9. SPECIAL INTEREST SITES
         9-3-1. APPLICATION
         9-3-2. SEPARATION MINIMA
         9-3-3. VFR-ON-TOP
         9-4-2. ROUTING
         9-4-3. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT
         9-4-4. SEPARATION MINIMA
         9-6-1. APPLICATION
         9-6-2. DERELICT BALLOONS
         9-7-1. COORDINATION
         9-7-3. CLASS D AIRSPACE
         9-7-4. OTHER CONTROL AIRSPACE
  • Sub-pages:
    Chapter 11. Traffic Management Procedures

    Section 1. General

    11-1-1. DUTY RESPONSIBILITY

    interpretation 13
    1. The mission of the traffic management system is to balance air traffic demand with system capacity to ensure the maximum efficient utilization of the NAS.
    2. TBFM must be used to the maximum extent feasible in preference to miles-in-trail initiatives.

      NOTE: The benefits of TBFM are best realized through the coordinated effort of all facilities supporting Performance Based Navigation procedures or Traffic Management Initiatives (TMIs).

    3. It is recognized that the ATCS is integral in the execution of the traffic management mission.

      NOTE: Complete details of traffic management initiatives and programs can be found in FAAO JO 7210.3, Facility Operation and Administration.

    11-1-2. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

    1. Supervisory Traffic Management Coordinator-in-Charge (STMCIC) must:
      1. Ensure an operational briefing is conducted at least once during the day and evening shifts. Participants must include, at a minimum, the STMCIC, Operations Supervisor-in-Charge (OSMIC)/Controller-in-Charge (CIC) and other interested personnel as designated by facility management. Discussions at the meeting should include meteorological conditions (present and forecasted), staffing, equipment status, runways in use, Airport Arrival Rate (AAR)/Metering Parameters and Traffic Management Initiatives (TMIs) (present and anticipated).
      2. Assume responsibility for TMC duties when not staffed.
      3. Ensure that TMIs are carried out by personnel providing traffic management services.
      4. Where authorized, perform EDST data entries to keep the activation status of designated EDST Airspace Configuration Elements current.
      5. Perform assigned actions in the event of an EDST outage or degradation, in accordance with the requirements of FAA Order 7210.3, Facility Operation and Administration, and as designated by facility directive.
      6. Ensure changes to restrictions/metering are implemented in a timely manner.
    2. OS/CIC must:
      1. Keep the TMU and affected sectors apprised of situations or circumstances that may cause congestion or delays.
      2. Coordinate with the TMU and personnel providing air traffic services to develop appropriate TMIs for sectors and airports in their area of responsibility.
      3. Continuously review TMIs affecting their area of responsibility and coordinate with TMU for extensions, revisions, or cancellations.
      4. Ensure that TMIs are carried out by personnel providing air traffic services.
      5. Where authorized, perform data entries to keep the activation status of designated EDST Airspace Configuration Elements current.
      6. Perform assigned actions in the event of an EDST outage or degradation, in accordance with the requirements of FAA Order 7210.3, Facility Operation and Administration, and as designated by facility directive.
      7. Ensure changes to TMIs are implemented in a timely manner.
    3. Personnel providing air traffic services must:
      1. Ensure that TMIs are enforced within their area of responsibility. TMIs do not have priority over maintaining:
        1. (a) Separation of aircraft.
        2. (b) Procedural integrity of the sector.
      2. Keep the OS/CIC and TMU apprised of situations or circumstances that may cause congestion or delays.
      3. Continuously review TMIs affecting their area of responsibility and coordinate with OS/CIC and TMU for extensions, revisions, or cancellations.
      4. Where authorized, perform data entries to keep the activation status of designated EDST Airspace Configuration Elements current.
      5. Perform assigned actions in the event of an EDST outage or degradation, in accordance with the requirements of FAA Order 7210.3, Facility Operation and Administration, and as designated by facility directive.
    4. ARTCCs, unless otherwise coordinated, must:
      1. Support TBFM operations and monitor TBFM equipment to improve situational awareness for a system approach to TMIs.
      2. Monitor arrival flow for potential metering actions/changes and, if necessary, initiate coordination with all facilities to discuss the change to the metering plan.
    5. TRACONs, unless otherwise coordinated, must:
      1. Support TBFM operations and monitor TBFM equipment to improve situational awareness for a system approach to TMIs.
      2. Monitor arrival flow for potential metering actions/changes and, if necessary, initiate coordination with all facilities to discuss the change to the metering plan.
      3. Schedule internal departures in accordance with specific written procedures and agreements developed with overlying ARTCCs and adjacent facilities.
    6. ATCTs, unless otherwise coordinated, must:
      1. Monitor TBFM equipment to improve situational awareness for a system approach to TMIs.
      2. Release aircraft, when CFR is in effect, so they are airborne within a window that extends from 2 minutes prior and ends 1 minute after the assigned time.

        NOTE: Coordination may be verbal, electronic, or written.

    11-1-3. TIME BASED FLOW MANAGEMENT (TBFM)

    During periods of metering, personnel providing air traffic services must:

    1. Display TBFM schedule information on the main display monitor (MDM).
    2. Comply with TBFM-generated metering times within +/- 1 minute.
      1. If TBFM-generated metering time accuracy within +/- 1 minute cannot be used for specific aircraft due to significant jumps in the delay countdown timer (DCT), other TMIs may be used between those aircraft such as miles-in-trail (MIT) or minutes-in-trail (MINIT) to assist in delay absorption until stability resumes.
      2. An exception to the requirement to comply within +/- 1 minute may be authorized for certain ARTCC sectors if explicitly defined in an appropriate facility directive.
    3. When compliance is not possible, coordinate with OS/CIC, personnel providing traffic management services, and adjacent facilities/sectors as appropriate.

    NOTE: TBFM accuracy of generated metering times is predicated on several factors, including vectoring outside of TBFM route conformance boundaries (route recovery logic), certain trajectory ground speed calculations, and when TMU resequences a specific flight or flight list. Caution should be used in these situations to minimize impact on surrounding sector traffic and complexity levels, flight efficiencies, and user preferences.

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